It makes no sense to import products available locally. Transportation is perhaps the greatest threat to the environment. Choosing the local non-organic product can actually be better for the environment than the non-local organic product. Other than groceries, shopping at local stores cuts down on transportation and supports a sustainable community. With rising energy costs it is likely that the future will consist of much more localized and fully integrated communities. On top of that, when purchasing a product made locally, more money can go to the labor that makes the product and to environmentally safe practices for making the product instead of to transportation costs.
Local food (also regional food or food patriotism) is a principle of sustainability relying on consumption of food products that are locally grown. It is part of the concept of local purchasing, a preference to buy locally produced goods and services. Those who eat local food sometimes call themselves "localvores" or "locavores".
The concept is often related to the slogan Think globally, act locally, common in green politics. Pioneering and influential work in the area of local economies was done by noted economist E. F. Schumacher. Those supporting development of a local food economy consider that since food is needed by everyone, everywhere, every day, a small change in the way it is produced and marketed will have a great effect on health, the ecosystem and preservation of cultural diversity. They say shopping decisions favoring local food consumption directly affect the well-being of people, improve local economies and may be ecologically more sustainable.
E-W Side Markets,